A Livelihoods Approach
The livelihoods approach developed in the 1990s provides a useful prism through which to view development opportunities and constraints. The approach has since been modified to place a greater emphasis on the surrounding environment of policies, institutions and processes (PIPs) to better reflect the key role of governance in livelihoods outcomes (see diagram).
Framing stakeholder consultations in the context of livelihoods assets and local processes can support systematic evaluation and impact assessment and allows us to explore linkages and synergy between project effects and outcomes.
It provides a useful framework to reveal and analyse quantifiable evidence of change - both expected and unexpected change - attributable to project actions.
We have provided project support in the context of livelihoods diversification and income-generating activities in two distinct settings:
– Sector-specific initiatives (fisheries, forests, small-scale agriculture and livestock)
– Integrated rural development or food security projects (floodplain management, coping strategies in arid and semi-arid lands, forest and watershed management).
We aim to assess the true potential, local relevance and impact of promoted livelihoods diversification.
Consensus Building and Planning
Our approach to Consensus Building and Planning emphasises engagement with secondary stakeholders and the important role of social and political capital (confidence and awareness contributing to influence).
We support facilitating organisations to conduct ongoing process documentation that tracks changes in social and political capital and that helps teams to recognise institutional breakthroughs and stories of success associated with PIPs.